Upon the initiative of the ESTC End of Life Working Group, a new guidance document relating to End Of Life solutions for the synthetic turf industry has been created. As the demand and need to dispose of end of life synthetic turf surfaces in an environmentally-sensitive way grows, ESTC members are making major investments in new technologies that are allowing the surfaces to be reprocessed in an environmentally-sustainable way for the first time. Recognising and wishing to encourage these developments, ESTC has produced this guide to assist everyone involved with the end of life disposal of synthetic turf sports fields. It highlights current options and best practice and gives an overview on the legal obligations that need to be considered before a surface is disposed of.
Today there are over 35,000 full size synthetic turf fields and many thousands of synthetic turf smaller community areas, tennis courts, etc. That means that in the next 10 years or so over 245 million square meters of synthetic turf will reach its end of life. At the time these facilities were built end-of-life disposal was not a major consideration for many. As environmental awareness grows, the need to dispose of these surfaces in a sustainable way is becoming ever more important.
ESTC members are making major investments in new technologies that are allowing the surfaces to be reprocessed in an environmentally sustainable way for the first time. Recognising and wishing to encourage these developments ESTC has produced a Guide to assist everyone involved with the end-of-life disposal of synthetic turf sports fields. It highlights current options and best practice and gives an overview on the legal obligations that need to be considered before a surface is disposed of.
Apart from giving a full review of this End of Life Guide, we have invited an expert panel of speakers that will address a number of hot topics related to the end of life disposal of synthetic turf systems.
Panel of industry experts
- Paul Fraser (Fieldturf Tarkett)
- Alastair Cox (ESTC / FIH)
- Stefaan Florquin (Re-Match)
- Don Lauritsen (GBN)
- Alejandro Navazas (EuRIC)
- Eric O’Donnell (Sports Labs)
Session Moderator : Eric O’Donnell, chair of the ESTC Task Force End of Life
For details and registration, click here : https://www.estc.info/event/webinar-end-of-life/
NEW ECHA ANNEX XV INVESTIGATION REPORT
Prioritisation and preliminary risk assessment of SUBSTANCES IN INFILL MATERIAL
The European Chemical Agency (ECHA) has recently published a new Annex XV Investigation Report “Investigation into whether substances in infill material cause risks to the environment and human health that are not adequately controlled – prioritisation and preliminary risk assessment”. The report can be downloaded here. It has been prepared in response to concerns about the risks posed by substances in plastic and rubber granulates used on synthetic turf pitches, this follows a request by the European Commission, submitted to ECHA in August 2017. The conclusions of the report are as follows:
- The preliminary human health risk assessment does not exclude a potential for cobalt and zinc in infill to pose risks to human health and that these substances should therefore be considered for risk management.
- The preliminary environmental risk assessment does not exclude the potential for cadmium, cobalt, copper, lead, zinc, 4-tert-octylphenol, 4,4´-isopropylidene diphenol (BPA), bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) and benzothiazole-2-thiol to pose risks to the environment and that these substances should therefore be considered for risk management.
- It is recommended any further work to establish whether there is a risk for human health or to the environment from these substances is undertaken by preparation of an Annex XV (REACH) restriction proposal
The report also notes that if the proposed restriction on the use of intentionally added microplastics bans the use of polymeric infill on synthetic turf pitches, the need for risk management measures for the substances identified in this new report may not be required. However, the report does state that in the event of polymeric infill being banned, non-microplastic uses of recycled ELT may still require further risk managements measures. ESTC consider this could potentially include the use of ELT tyre granulate in-situ rubber shockpads, athletics track surfacing, etc.
ESTC supports restricting the presence of any substances in synthetic turf systems that have been shown to pose an unacceptable risk to human health or the environment. However, we note that the report fails to include information from a number of recent studies and reports that have been published. One of the studies is the European Risk Assessment Study on Synthetic Turf Rubber Infill (ERASSTRI), this concluded that the current levels of substances present in European sourced ELT derived rubber granules do not pose a risk to human health. This study has been independently published, in peer reviewed scientific journals (Science of the Total Environment, March 2020).
ESTC will continue to liaise with all relevant parties in the various user and supply chains and try to ensure any new restrictions are based on the latest scientific studies and are proportional to the risks identified, taking into account the many social and health benefits that playing sport on synthetic turf fields bring to many hundreds of thousands of citizens of Europe each year.
ESTC members vote for individual who has made a positive difference to ESTC and the industry
Colin Young of the TenCate Grass Group is the winner of the inaugural ESTC Personality Award,voted for by members of the ESTC. The ESTC Personality Award recognises an individual who has made a positive difference to ESTC and the synthetic turf industry.
Colin Young has been in the synthetic turf industry since 2010, when he joined sports flooring testing company Labosport before he moved on to TenCate Grass Group in 2018, where he is the present Research and Development Director for Turf Systems. He is heavily involved in the development and improvement of the synthetic turf industry at large and takes a keen interest in improving synthetic turf for the benefit of the environment and the industry. Apart from being a board member and Vice-Chair of the EMEA Synthetic Turf Council (ESTC), he is actively involved in the PEF CR project, a programme initiated by the European Commission which aims to establish an official life-cycle assessment. In addition, Young chairs the Non-filled Working Group at the FIFA Technical Advisory Group.
ESTC Director General, Stefan Diderich, is full of praise. “We are very pleased with having Colin Young setting the bar for the ESTC Personality Award. With hundreds of people working on improving synthetic turf every day, it is important to recognise those taking the lead or making extraordinary sacrifices. Colin is an enthusiastic, driven and passionate advocate of synthetic turf and an instigator of ESTC’s environmental agenda. As he has been voted for by his peers, the recognition will certainly have a special meaning to him. More importantly, it shows how the synthetic turf industry joins him in embracing environmental focus and the roadmap he helps to shape.”
The winner was announced during the virtual annual ESTC congress, which took place on April 20.
The European Chemical Agency (ECHA) has requested its Risk Assessment Committee (RAC) to prepare a supplementary opinion on the restriction dossier on intentionally added microplastics with regards to polymeric infill used in third-generation synthetic turf fields. We would like to share some background and context as to why this request was made.
Since the delivery of RAC’s opinion in June 2020, new research and information has emerged that show that infill dispersion can be reduced to as little as 2g/m2. This is well below the 7g/m2 threshold that had been proposed by RAC’s sister committee, the Socio-Economic Analysis Committee (SEAC). ECHA is now granting RAC the opportunity to revise its opinion on this new information that was submitted during the 60-day external consultation of the SEAC opinion.
Key to the new information is the study by independent Swedish environmental consultancy company Ecoloop, as well as the latest technical report by the European Standards Committee (CEN). Both documents received significant input from ESTC and ESTC members.
Ecoloop views a synthetic turf field as a controlled environment and has calculated that infill migration can be prevented by up to 97% when implementing measures proposed in the CEN Technical Report 17519 (Surfaces for sports areas – Synthetic turf sports facilities – Guidance on how to minimize infill dispersion into the Environment).
The 10 steps we need to embrace
ESTC has defined ten steps to control the movement of infill:
- Select turf systems with low splash ratings;
- Fit all fields with physical barriers to retain the infill within the footprint of the field;
- Install catchment grates at all entrances to a field;
- Provide boot-cleaning stations at the main player entrance to a field;
- Add a filter bucket offering primary filtration (removing the heavier silt) and a secondary fine micro-filter that captures any remaining small particles to all groundwater drainage in the vicinity of a field, a zone that needs to be controlled;
- Provide paved snow storage areas (with suitable drainage) for fields in regions where heavy snowfall is anticipated;
- Use dedicated maintenance equipment stored at the field;
- Clean any machine or equipment that leaves the field, inside the field perimeter;
- Adhere to good practices when installing a synthetic turf field;
- Lift, wrap and recycle end-of-life synthetic turf;
How much will each step achieve?
When all 10 steps are implemented, infill dispersion can be reduced by 97% to approximately 2g/m2. The table below shows how the various Risk Management Measures (RMMs) can each contribute to this result:
Sports governing bodies like FIFA, World Rugby, FIH, Rugby Football League and the Gaelic Athletics Association have already adopted the recommendations from CEN TR17519 and have incorporated these into their guidance/requirements documentation.
As the RAC opinion lacked evidence to conclude whether Risk Management Measures capable of achieving the stated minimum effectiveness of annual losses of <7g/m2 actually existed, ECHA has now asked RAC to conclude whether the Ecoloop study by Magnusson & Mácsik indicates that an appropriate combination of RMM can reduce infill releases into the environment to 2g/m2.
In addition, in its final opinion, RAC expressed concerns about the practicality and enforceability of RMM in the absence of appropriate international/European standards, or guidance indicating which RMM should be used, and how, in order to curb releases. ECHA now asks RAC to conclude whether the publication of CEN TR 17519 addresses this concern.
It is against this background that ECHA decided to formally consult RAC on the new information which ESTC helped to generate, and to invite the Risk Assessment Committee to supplement their opinion before ECHA shares its final draft commission proposal to the EU.
The International Hockey Federation (FIH) is pleased to announce that the FIH Quality Programme – which is designed to ensure good quality hockey facilities are built for all levels of play, from elite level competition to community development – has released the latest updates to its Hockey Turf & Field Standards for 11-a-side fields and HOCKEY5s courts.
The documents define the standards and qualities that FIH Approved Hockey Turfs, fields and courts need to satisfy, outlining crucial elements such as construction, sports performance, player welfare, layout and durability requirements as well as environmental considerations.
An important part of this update, which replaces the 2017 edition and is effective immediately, sees the creation of a new system of classification for products and fields, a move intended to provide greater clarity to the intended uses of the different products available, from community sports fields all the way through to very highest level of international, televised hockey.
The update also provides a clear separation between the Hockey Turf and Field categories. The various Hockey Turf designations range from Global through to Community 3G Multi-Sport surfaces, while the Field designations are now from Category 1 (Venues designed to host international Tier 1 televised hockey) to Category 5 (Multi-sports fields primarily intended for large ball sports, but also used for school and foundation level hockey).
All new fields requiring FIH certification from June 2021 should be designed and tested in accordance with the standards contained within the updated documents.
To see the updated Hockey Turf & Field Standards document, click here.
The publication of the new standards coincides with an updated facilities section on the FIH website, that contain new facilities and field guidance, together with details of all the members of the FIH Quality Programme and their FIH Approved products. If you are considering installing a field or purchasing new field equipment, we strongly encourage you to visit www.fih.ch/qp
About the FIH Quality Programme
The FIH Quality Programme is an internationally recognised quality-assurance programme that provides consistent and dependable industry standards for the performance, construction and durability of hockey turf installations worldwide and ensures the appropriate quality for the intended level of play. As a result it will help inspire more people to play hockey, promote player welfare and protect the investment of those funding hockey facilities.
For more information about this programme, click here.
ESTC is pleased to learn that the European Chemical Agency (ECHA) has asked their Risk Assessment Committee (RAC) to prepare a supplementary opinion on the proposed restriction on intentionally-added microplastics with respect to polymeric infills used in synthetic turf sports fields. The request has been made so that RAC can consider new documents that have emerged since RAC adopted its opinion in June 2020.
The RAC is requested to focus on the restriction options for containing infill materials in view of submissions made to the consultation on the draft opinion of the Committee for Socio-Economic Analysis (SEAC).
Specifically, ECHA are asking RAC to consider the recently published CEN technical report TR 17519 on risk management measures (RMM), and a study that assessed the effectiveness of the RMM proposed in CEN TR17519 to reduce infill releases to < 7g/m2. This study by Magnusson & Mácsik, (Ecoloop) was commissioned by ESTC while the task group that undertook the work for the CEN document was chaired by the ESTC technical director and a number of ESTC members participated.
In a note to the RAC, ECHA highlights that the RMM recommended in CEN TR 17519 have now been incorporated into the requirements for synthetic turf pitches published by FIFA, World Rugby, the Rugby Football League, the Gaelic Athletics Association, the International Hockey Federation, and funding agencies such as the UK’s Football Foundation.
ECHA also acknowledges that ESTC commissioned the Ecoloop study, and it highlights the conclusion the authors drew.
In the opinion RAC delivered in June 2020 they expressed concerns about the practicality and enforceability of risk management measures in the absence of appropriate international/European standards or guidance on their use. With the CEN report now being in the public domain and having been embraced voluntarily by all major sports governing bodies, ECHA invites RAC to consider whether the publication addresses the concern they initially raised.
ESTC understands that the RAC aims for having a first discussion and adoption of this additional work item once it meets in March 2021. It has been asked to submit its supplementary opinion prior to the draft European Commission proposals on the microplastics restriction are published prior to consultation with the Member States in June 2021.
The official request to the RAC and background information can be found at ECHA and the draft recast of the PIC Regulation (europa.eu)
On 24 February at 11am (CET) ESTC will discuss these developments in a webinar. Technical director Alastair Cox and Environmental Regulations Working Group chair Colin Young will brief attendants and take questions in a Q&A session. The webinar is open to anybody interested. Non-member will be charged an administrative fee of 100€ while ESTC members can participate free-of-charge.
To register : https://www.estc.info/webinar-registration-echa/
World Rugby has announced that it now also accepts synthetic turf carpets with 50mm pile height for testing to be officially approved as a rugby surface. A 50mm pile-height is particularly popular for synthetic turf used in multisport and community venues. According to the governing body, by accepting 50mm carpets, it will be easier for World Rugby member unions to grow the game as the 60mm pile height was perceived as a barrier.
Systems based on 50mm carpet need to satisfy the following additional requirements:
|Pile height||Minimum pile weight||Minimum quantity of sand||Splash level|
|50-54mm||Min. 1,350gr/m2||Not less than 10mm||Less than 3.5%|
|55-59mm||Min. 1,450gr/m2||Not less than 10mm||Less than 3.5%|
|60mm||No requirement||No requirement||Less than 6%|
60MM STILL PREFERRED
While carpets with 50mm pile-height can now be submitted for testing, World Rugby still strongly recommends that fields use a 60mm carpet, as these have a proven track record for providing excellent surfaces for rugby. “Consideration of carpets with pile heights between 50mm and 60mm should be restricted to multi-sport, community-based fields that wish to offer rugby as an additional or optional sport,” the rugby governing body states.
The Football Foundation in the UK is taking a proactive approach to whenever they grant aid a project that involves the resurfacing or conversion of an existing synthetic turf pitch. Framework members bidding for projects will only be able to use the services of recycling companies using approved methods of recycling for the disposal of the old playing surface they are replacing.
UK legislation states that a synthetic turf sports surface that has reached the end of its service life and is lifted to enable replacement becomes a ‘waste’ material. The Football Foundation and its funding partners are concerned about the negative image and loss of accountability repurposing or dumping in land fill can create. In accordance with the basic principles of the handling of waste defined in the Waste Hierarchy, the Football Foundation prefers recycling over energy recovery or disposal whenever possible, be it through an open-loop or closed-loop system. To ensure that end of use synthetic turf is processed in a way they consider acceptable, a Football Foundation approved list of recycling companies for synthetic turf pitches is currently being prepared, with the asssitance of ESTC members. Only approved recycling companies and their listed processes will be authorised for use on synthetic turf framework funded projects. Inclusion in this list of a company or process does not remove the need for the recycling company or anyone using its services, from ensuring all aspects of the removal, handling and recycling of a synthetic turf pitch are undertaken in accordance with UK legislation. Criteria for inclusion on the list include:
- Whether the process has been audited and verified under a recognised environmental technology verification scheme (ETV), such as: EN ISO 14034, the EU’s ETV pilot programme; EN 1534, the EuCertPlast programme; or an internationally recognised equivalent;
- The use of a quality management system complying with EN ISO 9001;
- The use of an environmental management system certified to EN ISO 14001;
- The operator of any UK recycling site shall either have an appropriate Environmental Permit or be registered with the Environmental Agency for an appropriate waste exemption;
- Operators of recycling sites outside the UK shall provide proof that their operations and site have all the relevant and necessary permits;
- All work is undertaken in full compliance with the appropriate regulations.
DEALING WITH THE ISSUE
By taking a proactive and responsible approach to the disposal end of life synthetic turf, the Football Foundation is providing the market and the industry in the UK with clarity. With only a handful of companies currently being able internationally to recycle end of life synthetic turf, there is certainly a need for a framework and specific legislation. A recent study by Sports Labs showed that only 33% of the 117 people that responded to a questionnaire on recycling matters were aware of codes of practice. An alarming 29% were a member of industry bodies with no code of practice. 60% of the respondents indicated being dissatisfied to some degree with the level of recycling knowledge within the industry, while 60% also described the availability of recycling companies as dissatisfying.
Most European countries that have embraced synthetic turf currently do not have any or adequate recycling facilities to deal with the end of life synthetic turf . The fact that European legislation in general waste management is strong, whilst legislation to force owners to recycle is weak, does not make life easier. One of the remarks Sports Labs makes in their study is that dealing with end of life synthetic turf is an ‘all stakeholder’ problem. Designers and consultants should specify and select products, while owners should be made more aware of what happens to end of use turf systems. In short: the market needs to be educated but initiatives like this one of the Football Foundation will come in handy.
FIFA licensees have voted for five representatives of ESTC members to represent them licensees at the FIFA Technical Advisory Group meetings. Massimo Seghezzi (Radici), Friedemann Söll (Polytan), Chris Vandenborre (Lano Sport), Ruben Paños (Mondo) and Güşan (Hatko) were selected from a list of nine possible candidates. The presence of the five licensee representatives, plus the European based Preferred Producers and the ESTC means that collectively we are able to make a meaningful and constructive contribution to the work of the FIFA TAG.
Looking to improve the efficiency of the TAG, it was agreed at the last meeting to form task groups that will focus on specialist topics should be formed to progress work and resent draft proposals to the TAG to consider. These tasks groups have now been established and ESTC and is participating in their work. Topics include PAH content of infill materials, bio-degradable and organic infills, and standards for non-filled synthetic turf.